began with a burst of color - the vibrant red of Cardinal Flower
Ironweed (Veronia noveboracensis) is at its peak.
or Sweet Pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia) added a heady scent
Raymond Brook Marsh.
Brook Marsh portion of the trail offered a solid mass of blooms -
starring Tick Trefoil, Goldenrod, Evening Primrose, and Summersweet
- with a supporting cast of Milkweeds, Joe Pye Weed, Ironweed, Cardinal
Flower, Rabbit's Foot Clover, Queen Anne's Lace, and Boneset.
Tick Trefoil (Desmodium canadense) is well along in setting
its distinctive seeds, the "ticks" we'll soon find attached
to our clothing as we brush past the plants.
Weed (Eupatorium sp.)...
its close cousin, the white-flowered Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum).
how Boneset's leaves fuse around the stem. This characteristic gave
rise to the belief that an infusion of the leaves would help in healing
fractures. In the Middle Ages, believers in the Doctrine of Signatures
asserted that God left clues to the medicinal uses of plants in their
Follow these links to learn more:
Thistle (Cirsium vulgare). (Are those bagpipes I hear in the
distance, laddie?) Note the camouflaged pale green crab spider lurking
just below the purple head.
(Polygonum sp.), one of many similar species in our area.
(Apios americana), a vine climbing over bushes in the Raymond
Brook Marsh. It is a member of the Pea family.
Clematis or Virgin's Bower (Clematis virginiana) is in the
Arrowwood (Viburnum recognitum) had clusters of small white
flowers in the spring, now replaced by these clusters of slate blue
plant along the trail, this is Downy Rattlesnake Plantain
(Goodyera pubescens). Unmistakable leaves!
look at the flowers confirms the plant's membership in the Orchid
not rare, this Indian-pipe (Monotropa uniflora) is certainly
inconspicuous. Lacking chlorophyll, the plant feeds on decaying material
in the soil - making it more animal-like than plant-like.
to Barb and Mike Emmons for identifications
Summersweet and Arrowwood.)